In the diet to put on weight you should consume more calories than you spend, being recommended to eat every 3 hours, avoiding skipping meals, and adding caloric but at the same time healthy and nutritious foods, such as olive oil, fruit smoothie , oats, avocado and nuts.
It is important to remember that even in diets with the objective of gaining weight, one should not increase the intake of processed foods rich in sugar and fats, such as coxinha, hamburger, French fries or soda. These foods are rich in sugar and saturated fats, which favor the increase in body fat and the risk of suffering heart problems due to increased cholesterol and triglycerides.
This calculator helps to find out how many pounds you need to put on weight, but it is not suitable for children, pregnant women, the elderly and athletes, as it does not differentiate the amount of muscles and fat present in the body.
6 tips for healthy weight gain
Getting healthy is more than just eating more food or eating foods with a lot of calories. The following are 6 tips that are essential for anyone trying to gain weight in a healthy way:
1. Eat every 3 hours
Eating every 3 hours is important to increase the consumption of calories throughout the day and favor weight gain, since it is recommended to eat more calories than the body spends. In addition, a good daily balance of calories from carbohydrates, proteins and fats must be maintained, as this favors the gain of muscle mass.
For this reason, it is important not to skip meals to avoid damaging the supply of nutrients to the body and to maintain adequate levels of glucose and amino acids in the blood, which favors muscle recovery and growth.
2. Include protein in every meal
Including proteins in every meal of the day makes the levels of amino acids in the blood constant throughout the day, favoring a good muscle recovery throughout the training days.
Proteins are present in foods such as meats, chicken, fish, eggs, cheeses and yogurts, making snacks with efficient combinations like chicken and cheese sandwich with whole grain bread or toast with cheese and yogurt.
3. Consume good fats
Food sources of good fats such as nuts, peanuts, avocado, coconut, olive oil and seeds are great options to increase the calories of the diet with little volume of food. In addition, these fats also help in gaining muscle mass and do not stimulate fat gain in the body.
So, some examples of how to use these foods are adding peanut butter to bread or fruit smoothie, eating some nuts for snacks, adding 1 tablespoon of coconut to yogurt and making avocado vitamins for snack.
4. Eat at least 3 fruits a day
Consuming at least 3 fruits a day and adding salad greens or vegetables for lunch and dinner helps to increase the amount of vitamins and minerals in the diet, which are essential for the proper functioning of metabolism and muscle mass gain.
Fruits can be eaten fresh or in the form of juices or vitamins, and can be added to snacks or as a dessert for lunch and dinner.
5. Drink at least 2.5 L of water per day
Drinking plenty of water and staying well hydrated is essential for gaining muscle mass, as hypertrophy, which is the increase in the size of muscle cells, only happens if the cells have enough water to increase in volume.
Thus, it is important to be aware and account for daily water consumption, remembering that artificial soft drinks and juice do not count as liquids for the body. In addition, it is important that water consumption be made between meals, as if it is done together with food, there may be changes in the digestive process.
6. Perform physical activity
To ensure that the extra calories turn into muscle and not fat, it is important to perform physical activity 3 to 5 times a week, especially weight training and non-aerobic exercises. The ideal is to consult a physical education professional so that a training plan suitable to the needs and goals is indicated.
Sample fattening menu
The following table shows an example of a 3-day weight gain diet menu:
|Meal||Day 1||Day 2||Day 3|
|Breakfast||1 cup of coffee with milk + whole sandwich with lettuce, tomato, cheese and egg + 1 medium apple||1 cup of cocoa milk + 1 tapioca with chicken and cheese + 1 tangerine||1 glass of juice + omelet with 2 eggs and chicken|
|Morning snack||6 whole cookies with peanut butter + 1 handful of almonds||Whole sandwich with two tablespoons of avocado and egg + 1 banana||Oatmeal with fruit + 1 handful of dried fruit|
|Lunch dinner||Chicken stroganoff with rice and black beans + coleslaw with carrots seasoned with yogurt dressing with cilantro + 1 orange||Pasta with tuna, olives, corn and cherry tomatoes + raw lettuce salad with carrots seasoned with 1 teaspoon of olive oil + 1 slice of melon||Meatballs with tomato sauce, mashed potatoes and broccoli au gratin with cheese and seasoned with olive oil|
|Afternoon snack||1 tapioca with chicken and cheese + 1 pear||Yogurt with granola + 3 toasts with cheese||Avocado smoothie with papaya + 2 tablespoons of oats + 1 tablespoon of chia seeds (smoothie)|
It is important to go to the nutritionist so that you can pass an individualized diet plan, as the amount of food varies according to age, sex, physical activity and criminal history. In addition, if necessary, the nutritionist can recommend the use of vitamins or nutritional supplements. Know some supplements to gain muscle mass.
What not to eat
It is important that weight gain happens due to a varied and balanced diet, avoiding the consumption of processed foods rich in sugar or saturated fats. Some of these foods are snacks, sausages, bacon, mayonnaise, sauces, sweets, soft drinks, juices, cookies, cakes, fast food, frying, among others.
The consumption of these types of foods can favor weight gain due to the accumulation of fat in the body and not as a consequence of the increase in muscle mass, which in the long run can bring several health complications.
How long can you gain weight?
The average time it takes to gain muscle and gain weight is approximately 6 months, however in 3 months you can already see some changes. However, this varies from person to person, as it depends on the diet and whether the person performs physical activity that favors muscle growth.